Archive for Anglais

The Life cycle of a plastic bottle


https://www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/uploadedFiles/curriculum/outdoored/programs/waterbottlefactpages.pdf

To help you see just how much waste your plastic water bottle is responsible for, let’s go through the stages that bottle’s life cycle.

MANUFACTURING

  1. First, crude oil and natural gas are pulled from the earth through large-scale extraction operations.
  2. Shipment #1: From here, the crude oil is shipped to a refinery. Make note of how many rounds of shipping are involved in the production of your water bottle. Each of these stages requires vehicles to burn fuel and release greenhouse gasses, creating a lot of waste.
  3. The refinery then distills the oil into its component parts, i.e. gas, fuel oil, etc.
  4. Shipment #2: Then the refined oil is shipped to a plastics factory.
  5. At the plastics factory, the oil chemically bonds with gas molecules to create monomers. These monomers undergo chemical processes which then bond them together into polyethylene terephthalate (PET), the polymer most plastic water bottles are made from.
  6. The PET mixture at this point is in the form of many tiny pellets. The manufacturing plant melts them down and injects the mixture into molds. The plastic takes the familiar shape of a bottle.
  7. Shipment #3: Next, the empty plastic bottles are shipped to the bottling plant.
  8. The bottling plant fills the water bottles with water. The bottles are then packaged.

DISTRIBUTION

  1. Shipment #4: The water bottles are then shipped to the grocery store, where they’re stocked and placed on shelves.
  2. Shipment #5: You buy the water bottles and drive them from the store to your home.
  3. You drink the water and toss the empty bottle into the trash or recycling.

DISPOSAL

  1. Shipment #6: The bottles are then picked up by waste management services. Approximately 73-90% of them go straight to landfills, where they’ll take about 500 years to decompose.
  2. The other 10-27% of bottles that are recycled are instead taken to recycling centers. The recycling center then sorts the bottles, melts them back down into pellets, and remakes them into other products. Those include things like carpeting, clothing, and other plastic items.
  3. Eventually, those products are also thrown in the trash, and that 10-27% of bottles that are recycled still end up in a landfill for the next 500 years.

Fake News

 

Capture d’écran 2018-02-01 à 13.29.11 Capture d’écran 2018-02-01 à 13.28.59

How false news can spread by Noah Tavlin

In previous decades, most news with global reach came from several major newspapers and networks with the resources to gather information directly. The speed with which information spreads now, however, has created the ideal conditions for something called circular reporting. Noah Tavlin sheds light on this phenomenon.

https://youtu.be/cSKGa_7XJkg

Can you answer these questions?

1. What makes circular reporting ‘circular’?
2.Which of the following has NOT directly contributed to an increase of circular reporting?
3.Why might the anti-vaccer movement be considered a product of circular reporting?
4.Before the 20th century, because it took longer to publish writing, it was more accurate.
5.Which of the following is NOT an example of circular reporting?
6.What are some ways you can avoid falling for false information, and avoid contributing to the cycle of circular reporting?
7.What makes circularly reported facts so difficult to correct?
8.Circular reporting isn’t limited to large-scale media and news. How does circular reporting apply to rumors and gossip?

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Write on

Does everyone who publishes any writing—even if it’s on their personal blog—have a responsibility to cite their sources and be factually accurate? Or does this responsibility only apply to professional writers published by well-known publications and websites? Why or why not?

 

 

!5 reasons why spring is the most delightful season

Read, and explain the man ideal in each paragraph.

15 Scientific Reasons Spring Is the Most Delightful Season | Mental Floss

 

Winter sports

Winter sports

  1. Be prepared to answer theses questions orally.
  • Do you play any winter sports?
  • Are you a member of any sports team? If not, have you ever been?
  • Are you good at sports?
  • What sports are you good at?
  • Do you often play sports?
  • Do you like to snowboard?
  • Do you think athletes earn enough money, not enough money or too much money?
  • Do you think everybody should practice winter sports?
  • Do you think that parents are too involved in their children’s sports activities?
  • Have you ever been skiing? If so what kind of skiing?
  • What do you think is the most popular winter sport in the world?
  • What is the most dangerous sport?
  • Which winter sport would you not let your child play? Why?
  1. Make a list of the vocabulary words regarding winter sports.

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/topics/sports/winter-sports/

  1. Reading

https://blogs.transparent.com/english/winter-sports/

  1. Answer these questions in your notebook.
(1) What images spring to mind when you hear the word ‘sport’?
(2) Why do so many people like sport?
(3) Why are some people not interested in sport?
(4) How often do you read sports news?
(5) Do you prefer playing or watching sports?
(6) Do you have good or bad experiences with sports at school?
(7) Do you think sports stars have the best life?
(8) Who is your favourite all-time sport star?
(9) Richard M. Nixon said: « I don’t know anything that builds the will to win better than competitive sports. » Do you agree?
(10) George Orwell said: « Serious sport has nothing to do with fair play. It is bound up with hatred, jealousy, boastfulness, disregard of all rules and sadistic pleasure in witnessing violence. In other words, it is war minus the shooting. » Do you agree?

5.  Winter sports vocabulary activity

 

 

6.  Winter Olympics

7. Write on (What is your favorite Winter sport and why ?)

Valentine’s Day activities

1.  Valentine’s Day reading and quiz

2.  Can you unscramble these jumbled?
3.  Quiz
4.  Vocabulary
5.  21 reason why I love you!
6.  5 minutes reading
7.  Reading

8.  Valentine around the world
9.  Write on    What would be your perfect date for Valentine’s Day?

Verbs

The tense of a verb tells you when a person did something or when something existed or happened.

In English, there are three main tenses: the present, the past, and the future.

 

 

1. Verbs PDF

a) https://www.slideshare.net/jcin0009/past-tense-of-irregular-verbs-year-4?next_slideshow=1

2. Exercises

a) https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/irregular-verbs-exercise-2.html

b) https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/irregular-verbs-exercise-3.html

c)https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/irregular-verbs-exercise-4.html

3. Reading-garbage

4.

5. https://www.slideshare.net/kelsykell/recycle-presentation

6. Make sure you have read over your write on (How do you feel about recycling and garbage?) and checked that it is the very best it can be before you give it to your teacher. Remember to revise and re-draft your work before submission. Ask someone you trust to read it over and give you some feedback. Don’t be afraid to change your work to make it better.

What are your New Year’s Resolutions?

 

At the start of the new year is always a good time to look back at the past, and more importantly, forward to the coming year.

Do you make New Year’s resolutions? What is a resolution? A resolution is a promise. It is a promise that you make to yourself!

It is a tradition for people to make resolutions at the beginning of a new year.

It’s a time to reflect on the changes we want (or need) to make and resolve to follow through on those changes.

 

1.  Before making a New Year’s resolution let’s reflect… What kind of person  am I?

  1. Am I a Kind Person?
  2. How Do I Treat My Friends?
  3. How Do I Treat My Siblings?
  4. How Do I Treat People I Don’t Know?
  5. What in My Life Should I Be Thankful For?
  6. Are All People as Lucky as I Am?
  7. What’s Something I Love Doing?
  8. What’s Something I’m Good At?
  9. What’s Something I Struggle At ?
  10. What’s My Favorite Part of Myself?

 

2.  How to make a New Year’s resolution

 

 

3.  What are your New Year’s Resolutions?

Make a list of ten things you would like to improve, change, this year. Explan how your going to go about  achieving those goals.

Example : Resolution– I will exercice more this year.

Achieving my goal– I will walk 30 minutes every other day.

 

 

Christmas poems and stories

Here is a list of some of the most beloved Christmas poems and stories for your entertainment.

The Night Before Christmas  By Clement Clarke Moore
“Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house…”     

The Twelve Days of Christmas
“On the first day of Christmas, my true love sent to me…”

Christmas Bells  By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
“I heard the bells on Christmas day…”

The Three Kings  By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
“Three kings came riding from far away, Melchior and Gaspar and Balthasar…”

Some Children See Him
“Some children see him lily white, the baby Jesus born this night…”

The Nativity  Luke 2:1-20
“In those days a decree went out from Emperor Augustus tht all the world should be registered…”

The Gift of the Magi  By O. Henry
“One dollar and eighty-seven cents.  That was all…”

The Little Match-Seller   By Hans Christian Andersen
“It was terribly cold and nearly dark on the last evening of the old year, and the snow was falling fast…”

Christmas

Christmas is around the corner, let’s learn and have fun with it!

1. Christmas vocabulary and expressions

https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/festivals-christmas.htm

Christmas related idioms and phrases

Christmas idioms and phrases unwrapped

 

2. The Chickens Take a Holiday

Read or listen to the story

https://www.englishclub.com/kids/stories/chickens-take-a-holiday.htm

3. Read and answer the questions

http://www.elllo.org/english/Games/G017-Christmas.html

4. Tourisme and holiday, read the questions in activity 1 and discuss them with your partner. http://www.tefl.net/esl-lesson-plans/TP_Tourism-and-Holidays.pdf

5. Christmas a global phenomenon? Activity 1 http://www.tefl.net/esl-lesson-plans/TP_Christmas_global.pdf

Conversation with a partner , give a written copy to you teacher.

6. Chrismas card https://www.englishclub.com/esl-articles/200112.htm

7. Prepare a christmas card for a family member http://www.wishesquotes.com/christmas/christmas-wishes#c1

8. Christmas question past, present and futur http://www.tefl.net/esl-lesson-plans/TBW_Christmas_Conversation.pdf

9. Holiday activity 2 http://www.tefl.net/esl-lesson-plans/TBW_Holidays-HolidaysAndHotels.pdf

Remembrance Day

Every year on November 11, Canadians pause in a silent moment of remembrance for the men and women who have served, and continue to serve our country during times of war, conflict and peace. We honour those who fought for Canada in the First World War (1914-1918), the Second World War (1939-1945), and the Korean War (1950-1953), as well as those who have served since then. More than 2.3 million Canadians have served our country in this way, and more than 118,000 have died. They gave their lives and their futures so that we may live in peace.

We must remember. If we do not, the sacrifice of those one hundred thousand Canadian lives will be meaningless. They died for us, for their homes and families and friends, for a collection of traditions they cherished and a future they believed in; they died for Canada.

On November 11, especially, but also throughout the year, we have the opportunity to remember the efforts of these special Canadians. In remembering, we pay homage to those who respond to their country’s needs. On November 11, we pause for two minutes of silent tribute, and we attend commemorative ceremonies in memory of our war dead.

Do you know the meaning of these words?

War, Respect, Observe, Memorial, Parade, Flag, Sacrifice, Cemetery, Tradition,

Never forget, I remember, Peace, Freedom, A hero, A poppy, A wreath, A cross, Weapon

1.Write on: How do you remember the solders?

2. Reading

Remembrance Day Poppies

« In Flanders fields where poppies grow », is the first line of a very famous poem, In Flanders Fields, that was written in May 1915 by John McCrae. McCrae was a Canadian soldier and medical officer when he wrote the poem during World War 1. Flanders is a region in northern Belgium. Lots of red poppies grow there in the spring. During the war poppies grew in the battlefields and cemeteries of Flanders.

In Canada the 11th of November is Remembrance Day. It marks the anniversary of the end of World War 1. On the 11th of November 1918 the Armistice was signed. The Armistice was a military agreement between Germany and the Allies to end the war. It ended the fighting. The Allies won the war.

On Remembrance Day we remember and honour the Canadian veterans who served and fought in all wars. We also remember and honour those who died fighting in war. Wearing red poppies is one way that we observe Remembrance Day. We also remember our veterans with a minute of silence at 11:00 a.m. on Remembrance Day. This is the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. There are many memorial services and ceremonies. In some ceremonies people put poppy wreaths on war memorials. The poem In Flanders Fields is often read at these ceremonies.

Vocabulary help: 

  • agreement (noun) – a decision made between two or more people
  • Allies (proper noun, the Allies) – a group of countries that fought together in World War 1 (France, Russia & Britain)
  • anniversary (noun) – the day on which an important event happened in a previous year.
  • battlefield (noun) – a place where a battle is fought
  • Belgium (noun) – a country in Europe
  • cemeteries (noun) plural of cemetery – a graveyard, a place for burying the dead
  • ceremonies (noun) plural of ceremony – an event to is performed on important occasions
  • defeat (noun) – when someone loses against someone else in a fight
  • eleventh – 11th
  • fought (verb) past form of to fight
  • honour (verb) – to show great respect for someone or something
  • medical (adjective) – relating to medicine, such as a medical student, or a medical treatment
  • memorial (noun) – [as in war memorial] an object built to help people remember an important person or event
  • memorial (adjective) – [as in memorial service or ceremony] A memorial ceremony is a ceremony in remembrance of someone or some event.
  • military (adjective) – relating to the army, navy or air force
  • occasion (noun) – a time when something happens. Example: We met on several occasions.
  • region (noun) – a particular area in a country or in the world.
  • remember (verb) – If you remember something, then you think about it again.
  • remembrance (noun) – when you remember and show respect for someone
  • served (verb) past tense of to serve – If you served in the army then you were part of the army for a period of time.
  • signed (verb) past tense of to sign – to write your name on something to show that you agree to it.
  • silence (noun) – no sound
  • spring (noun) – one of the four seasons, after winter and before summer
  • veteran (noun) – someone who was in the army or navy during a war
  • wreath (noun) – a ring or circle of flowers or leaves

Did you understand the story? Are these sentences true? 

  1. Remembrance Day is the 11th of November. Yes or no?
  2. Germany won World War 1. Yes or no?
  3. We wear yellow poppies for Remembrance Day. Yes or no?
  4. We remember our veterans with a minute of silence at 11:00 a.m. on Remembrance Day. Yes or no?
  5. The poem, In Flanders Fields, was written by a Canadian. Yes or non

3.  Write a letter to a friend or to your family member about the living condition in the war in the position of a soldier. (Explain about the weather, the food, the violence, the fact that your so far away from home).

4.  Choose a poem http://remembrancedaycanada.com/poems.php

and explain it, (you can make a video, a song, a slide show, a reading of the poem…use your imagination)

Example:   https://youtu.be/ZlPG3jOHueQ